What are blood products and their uses?
A blood product is any therapeutic substance derived from human blood, including whole blood and other blood components for transfusion, and plasma-derived medicinal products. Medicinal (medical therapeutic) products derived from human donations of blood and plasma play a critical role in health care.
What are blood components PDF?
The four main components of blood are red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets.
How are blood products stored?
Blood is an excellent culture medium for bacterial growth; therefore it is stored in approved refrigerators at 2-6°C, where it has a shelf life of 35 days from donation.
How is plasma stored?
Plasma is usually stored frozen, at −18 ºC for a year or at −65 ºC for seven years. Once thawed, it can be kept at 1–6 ºC for 5 days. Under these conditions, bacterial contamination has not been a problem.
What are the components of blood products?
3.3: Blood products These are classified as blood components prepared in the blood transfusion centre (red cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma and cryoprecipitate) or plasma derivatives manufactured from pooled plasma donations in plasma fractionation centres (such as albumin, coagulation factors and immunoglobulins).
What is the purpose of blood product transfusion in adults?
A more recent article on blood product transfusion in adults is available. Red blood cell transfusions are used to treat hemorrhage and to improve oxygen delivery to tissues. Transfusion of red blood cells should be based on the patient’s clinical condition.
Can whole blood be used for Blood Component Therapy?
Whole blood is now rarely used for transfusion. Blood component therapy makes clinical sense as most patients require a specific element of blood, such as red cells or platelets, and the dose can then be optimised.
What are the clinical applications of blood?
As a clinically relevant product, blood is widely used to treat several disease conditions. Currently, unlike earlier times, transfusion of whole blood is not encouraged, since not every patient requires all the components of blood at a given time.