What are the 4 tendons of flexor digitorum profundus?

What are the 4 tendons of flexor digitorum profundus?

Flexor digitorum profundus originates from four sites; the superior three-quarters of the anterior surface of the ulna, the adjacent part of the interosseous membrane, the coronoid process of ulna and the aponeurosis of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle.

What is the profundus tendon?

Flexor digitorum profundus originates in the upper 3/4 of the anterior and medial surfaces of the ulna, interosseous membrane and deep fascia of the forearm. The muscle fans out into four tendons (one to each of the second to fifth fingers) to the palmar base of the distal phalanx.

What are the thumb flexor tendons?

The flexor tendons are strong smooth cords that connect the muscles of the forearm to the bones in the fingers and thumb. There are two to each finger and one for the thumb (See diagram). The tendons run inside tunnels at the wrist and in the fingers, and they bend your fingers in the manner of a bicycle brake cable.

What is Palmaris longus tendon?

The palmaris longus is a muscle visible as a small tendon located between the flexor carpi radialis and the flexor carpi ulnaris, although it is not always present. It is absent in about 14 percent of the population; however, this number can vary in African, Asian, and Native American populations.

What is the function of the flexor digitorum profundus?

The flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) is an extrinsic hand muscle that flexes the metacarpophalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints of the index, middle, ring, and little fingers.

What supplies flexor digitorum profundus?

The flexor digitorum profundus is supplied by the anterior interosseous artery, which is a branch of the common interosseous artery and is accompanied by the palmar interosseous branch of the median nerve.

What are the names flexor tendons of the hand?

There are six long flexor muscles of the hand:

  • Flexor carpal radialis muscle.
  • Flexor carpal ulnaris muscle.
  • Flexor digitorum profundus muscle.
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle.
  • Flexor pollicis longus muscle.
  • Palmaris longus muscle.

What is the flexor tendon sheath?

The flexor tendon sheath in the fingers is a synovial-lined, fibroosseous tunnel with segmental condensations of fibrous tissue. These fibrous bands or pulleys are: (1) the palmar aponeurosis pulley (formed by the transverse fibers of the palmar aponeurosis), (2) five annular pulleys, and (3) three cruciform pulleys.

How many flexors does the thumb have?

The thumb has a long flexor, a long abductor, and two extensors, a long one and a short one. The long flexor, flexor pollicis longus, lies deep in the forearm.

What is flexor digitorum profundus?

What is the main function of the extensor digitorum?

Origin and insertion. Extensor digitorum is a superficial muscle of the posterior compartment of the forearm.

  • Relations. Being located superficial to abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis longus muscles,extensor digitorum is the most superficial muscle of the posterior forearm.
  • Innervation.
  • Blood supply.
  • Function.
  • How to treat flexor tendon injuries?

    Rest: from activity that increases the pain,take a few days to a few weeks off.

  • Anti-inflammatory medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help decrease pain.
  • Ice: Cold packs help to decrease pain and limit damage to surrounding tissue.
  • Why does my flexor retinaculum hurt?

    Grade I tear: a minor tear,in which only a few fibers are damaged

  • Grade II tear: a significant number of muscle fibers are damaged and you have a moderate loss of hip flexor function
  • Grade III tear: the muscle is completely ruptured or torn,and you usually can’t walk without a limp
  • What is a common flexor tendon?

    S56.212A is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes.

  • 562 Fracture,sprain,strain and dislocation except femur,hip,pelvis and thigh with mcc
  • 563 Fracture,sprain,strain and dislocation except femur,hip,pelvis and thigh without mcc
  • 963 Other multiple significant trauma with mcc