What functional group is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a cholestanoid consisting of cholestane having a double bond at the 5,6-position as well as a 3beta-hydroxy group.
Are there 3 types of cholesterol?
The 3 main types of cholesterol include: low-density lipoprotein — LDL cholesterol. high-density lipoprotein — HDL cholesterol. very-low-density lipoprotein — VLDL cholesterol.
What are the 5 types of cholesterol?
A cholesterol test measures:
- LDL levels. Also known as the “bad” cholesterol, LDL is the main source of blockages in the arteries.
- HDL levels. Considered the “good” cholesterol, HDL helps get rid of “bad” LDL cholesterol.
- Total cholesterol.
- Triglyceride levels.
- VLDL levels.
What type of molecule is cholesterol?
cholesterol, a waxy substance that is present in blood plasma and in all animal tissues. Chemically, cholesterol is an organic compound belonging to the steroid family; its molecular formula is C27H46O. In its pure state it is a white, crystalline substance that is odourless and tasteless.
Is LDL or triglycerides worse?
LDL is known as the “bad” cholesterol because having too much LDL may cause a buildup of plaque in your blood vessels. Triglycerides are also a type of fat found in your blood. High triglycerides, low HDL, and/or high LDL numbers can increase your risk for heart attack and stroke.
What is cholesterol scientific?
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that’s found in all the cells in your body. Your body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help you digest foods. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs.
What happens if you have too much cholesterol?
With high cholesterol, you can develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits grow, making it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries. Sometimes, those deposits can break suddenly and form a clot that causes a heart attack or stroke.