What is a switch in a substation?

What is a switch in a substation?

The purpose of this switch is to disconnect the substation from the incoming line, not to disconnect the transformer from the load. It is like a large safety switch with no load breaking capability. It can only break, or “interrupt” the relatively small “magnetizing current” of the substation transformer.

What is the purpose of a switchyard?

Switchyard is a switching station which is the main link between the generating plant and the transmission system. It can be considered as the heart of the power plant, the generated power will only be worthy if it can be transmitted and received by the consumers.

How far can 500kv arc?

The work zones must be demarcated 360 degrees around the equipment to prevent encroachments within 20 feet of a power line….TABLE A: Minimum Clearance Distances Based on Voltage.

Voltage (kV) Minimum clearance distance (feet)
>200 to 350 kV 20 ft
>350 to 500 kV 25 ft*
>500 to 750 kV 35 ft*
>750 to 1,000 kV 45 ft*

Can you build next to a substation?

If you are building near an overhead line, you must preserve the voltage safety clearance distances, both for the finished development and during construction (e.g. for scaffolding or cranes). If the development is near a substation you must be very careful about buried cables.

What is the difference between a switchgear and a switchyard?

But switchyard is entirely different from it, maybe switchgear can be a piece of equipment in a switchyard, the transmission of the power which is generated in a power plant is done by the help of a switchyard it acts as a junction where the power transmission takes place.

What is the difference between indoor substation and outdoor substation?

The substation which installs for low voltage requirements inside the building construction is called an indoor substation. The substation which installs for high voltage requirements outside the building construction is called an outdoor substation.

How much current is needed to arc?

To get any current flow at all you must first ionize, or breakdown the air. The breakdown voltage for air is roughly 3 million volts per meter – that varies with pressure and moisture content – so you need about 300,000 volts to start the arc.