What is rhabdomyolysis?

What is rhabdomyolysis?

INTRODUCTION Rhabdomyolysis is a complex medical condition involving the rapid dissolution of damaged or injured skeletal muscle.

What are the final steps of rhabdomyolysis?

Irrespective of the initial insult, the final steps leading to rhabdomyolysis involve either direct myocyte injury or a failure of the energy supply within the muscle cells.16

What are the possible complications of rhabdomyolysis?

Potential complications of rhabdomyolysis include compartment syndrome and acute kidney injury. Figure 2lists these and other complications often seen with rhabdomyolysis, as well as initial treatments associated with each complication. Open in a separate window Figure 2. Complications of rhabdomyolysis.

Does Coxsackie virus cause rhabdomyolysis in chronic renal failure?

Rhabdomyolysis following recent severe coxsackie virus infection in patient with chronic renal failure: one case report and a review of the literature. Renal Fail. 2006;28(1):89–93.

How do you evaluate rhabdomyolysis?

The approach to the evaluation of rhabdomyolysis is as follows: Consider looking for hypothyroidism and sickle cell trait. Organic acids in urine. No red blood cells on microscopy. This situation is either hemoglobin in the urine or myoglobin. The serum will be pink with hemoglobinuria.

What is the normal range for rhabdomyolysis?

This enzyme is released by damaged muscle, and levels above 1000 U/L (5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)) indicate rhabdomyolysis. Also, what lab tests should be monitored for rhabdomyolysis?

What are the risk factors for rhabdomyolysis?

Depending on the cause of rhabdomyolysis, patients may provide a history of illicit drugs, insect bites, heat exertion, recent surgical procedure, accidents, recent increasing dosages of regularly used medications, antibiotic use, and over-the-counter body enhancing supplements.