What is the best treatment for hydrocephalus?

What is the best treatment for hydrocephalus?

The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. It consists of a long, flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the proper rate. One end of the tubing is usually placed in one of the brain’s ventricles.

Why does NPH cause incontinence?

The bladder disorders in NPH are the result of a hyperactive detrusor muscle due to reduced or absent central inhibition. At first the patient suffers from an increased micturition frequency. In the further course, urge incontinence usually follows and can progress to an absolute urinary incontinence.

Can NPH cause brain damage?

This extra fluid and pressure can lead to brain damage. NPH though rare, most often affects older adults, and its symptoms can be similar to those of Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases.

How common is hydrocephalus in adults?

Among adults, hydrocephalus is most common from age 60 on. The exact cause of hydrocephalus isn’t known, but there seems to be a genetic factor. While hydrocephalus affects people differently, it presents five common signs in adults, including:

Who are the patients with multiple complex diagnoses of hydrocephalus?

The following patients with multiple complex diagnoses define the adult hydrocephalus population: (1) transition patients (previously treated for hydrocephalus as children), (2) adults with previously untreated congenital hydrocephalus, (3) adults with acquired hydrocephalus with an identifiable eti …

What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus in older adults?

Decline in memory, concentration and other thinking skills that may affect job performance Among adults 60 years of age and older, the more common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus are: Difficulty walking, often described as a shuffling gait or the feeling of the feet being stuck

What causes obstructive hydrocephalus in adults?

In adult onset of obstructive hydrocephalus, there is usually a mechanical blockage of the spinal fluid flow including tumors, webbings, Chiari malformation or prior hemorrhage.