What is the name of an alkane with 8 carbon atoms?

What is the name of an alkane with 8 carbon atoms?

List of straight-chain alkanes

Number of C atoms Number of isomers Name of straight chain
5 3 n-pentane
6 5 n-hexane
7 9 n-heptane
8 18 n-octane

What is the name for an 8 carbon chain?

An eight-carbon continuous-chain alkane has the formula C8H18 . Its IUPAC name is octane (oct- meaning eight, -ane meaning single bonds).

What compound name has 8 carbon atoms?

4.2 Alkanes

Number of Carbon Atoms Name Molecular Formula
7 Heptane C7H16
8 Octane C8H18
9 Nonane C9H20
10 Decane C10H22

What are the first 8 alkanes?

Alkanes are the simplest hydrocarbon chains. These are organic molecules that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms in a tree-shaped structure (acyclic or not a ring)….List the Simplest Hydrocarbons.

methane CH4
propane C3H8
butane C4H10
pentane C5H12
hexane C6H14

What is the name of this alkane?

Study Notes

Name Molecular Formula Name
ethane C2H6 heptane
propane C3H8 octane
butane C4H10 nonane
pentane C5H12 decane

What is an alkane with 11 carbons called?

undecane (11 carbons) dodecane (12 carbons)

What is alkane with example?

Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. By saturated hydrocarbons, it means alkanes have single hydrogen and carbon atoms in their chemical formula. Formula of alkane is CnH2n+2. Methane, propane, ethane, and butane are four alkanes.

What are alkanes 10th?

Alkanes are organic compounds composed of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms. The formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2. They can be categorized into three groups which are: chain alkanes, cycloalkanes, and branched alkanes. The most basic family of compounds has been called alkanes.

How many covalent bonds does an 8-carbon alkane have?

Each atom is attached to the sufficient hydrogen atoms to develop a total of four single covalent bonds. This long-chain structure is known as octane. An eight-carbon alkane has a molecular formula – C 8H 18 and structural formula- The list of some Alkanes with the molecular formula and structures are given below.

What are alkanes?

Alkanes are a series of compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms with single covalent bonds. These are known as saturated hydrocarbons. This group of compounds consists of carbon and hydrogen atoms with single covalent bonds.

How many carbon atoms are there in a straight chain alkane?

These three kinds of alkanes are straight chain alkanes, branched chain alkanes and cycloalkanes. The general molecular formula of alkane for straight and branched-chain alkanes is CnH2n+2 and that of cyclic alkanes is CnH2n. Branched Chain Alkane Formula. For example in the diagram, the four hydrocarbon molecules contain 8 carbon atoms each.

How many sigma bonds are there in an alkane?

In an alkane, each carbon atom is sp3-hybridized with 4 sigma bonds (either C–C or C–H), and each hydrogen atom is joined to one of the carbon atoms (in a C–H bond). The longest series of linked carbon atoms in a molecule is known as its carbon skeleton or carbon backbone.