What was the purpose of the West Indies Federation?
The Federation was established by the British Caribbean Federation Act of 1956 with the aim of establishing a political union among its members.
What was one reason why the Federation failed in 1958?
The expressed intention of the Federation was to create a political unit that would become independent from Britain as a single state; however, before that could happen, the Federation collapsed due to internal political conflicts.
What type of agreement was the West Indies Federation?
It would be presided over by the Governor-General and consist of the Prime Minister and ten other officials. The West Indies Federation did not have independent sources of revenue (relying instead on a mandatory levy on the islands), and did not establish any agreements on a customs union, free trade and free movement.
What replaced the West Indies Federation?
Grenada. … 1958, when Grenada joined the West Indies Federation. The federation ended in 1962, after which Grenada attempted to federate with the remaining territories in the Windward Islands, as well as with Barbados and the Leeward Islands.
What is the difference between Carifta and Caricom?
The Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA) was a regional free-trade arena in place between 1965 to 1972. The Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) was established to replace the Caribbean Free Trade Area which had failed in its mission to develop policies in the region pertaining to labor and capital.
Why did Caricom fail?
Their failures are rooted in lack of collective political will to overcome parochialism and a narrow sense of nationalism in favour of a shared vision of one people, one market, one Caribbean – to which they all claim commitment.
Why was CARIFTA replaced by Caricom?
When was CARIFTA changed to Caricom?
These Caribbean countries had recently become independent, and CARIFTA was intended to unite their economies and to give them a joint presence on the international scene. In 1973, CARIFTA became the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
When did the West Indies Federation end?
31 May 1962
Existing from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962, the West Indies Federation, was a short-lived political union between various islands in the Caribbean that were colonies of the United Kingdom.
What are the challenges faced by Caricom?
That design and practical functioning of CARICOM meant that some “enduring problems” had not been solved. Those challenges included regional governance, institutional political representation and non-automaticity of financing regional institutions including the CARICOM Secretariat, he pointed out.
What is the difference between CARIFTA and CARICOM?
What were two features of CARIFTA?
increasing trade – buying and selling more goods among the Member States. diversifying trade – expanding the variety of goods and services available for trade. liberalising trade – removing tariffs and quotas on goods produced and traded within the area.
Why were the British interested in the West Indies Federation?
The British were interested in administrative efficiency and centralization Established on 3 January 1958, the West Indies Federation comprised the 10 territories of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, the then St Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, Saint Lucia, St Vincent and Trinidad and Tobago.
What was the Federation of the West Indies in 1958?
A 1958 St. Vincent stamp to mark the establishment of the West Indies Federation. The Federation was an internally self-governing, federal state made up of ten provinces, all British colonial possessions. The federation was created by the United Kingdom in 1958 from most of the British West Indies.
What countries make up the West Indies Federation?
The West Indies Federation Established in 1958, the West Indies Federation comprised the ten territories of: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, the then St Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, Saint Lucia, St Vincent and Trinidad and Tobago.
When did the British Virgin Islands become a member of CARICOM?
In July 1991, the British Virgin Islands and the Turks and Caicos became Associated Members of CARICOM, followed by Anguilla in July 1999. The Cayman Islands became the fourth Associate Member of the regional grouping on 16 May 2002, and Bermuda the fifth Associate Member on 2 July 2003.