Who started Grameen Bank?

Who started Grameen Bank?

Muhammad YunusGrameen Bank / FounderMuhammad Yunus is a Bangladeshi social entrepreneur, banker, economist and civil society leader who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for founding the Grameen Bank and pioneering the concepts of microcredit and microfinance. These loans are given to entrepreneurs too poor to qualify for traditional bank loans. Wikipedia

How did the Grameen Bank begin?

The origin of Grameen Bank can be traced back to 1976 when Professor Muhammad Yunus, Head of the Rural Economics Program at the University of Chittagong, launched an action research project to examine the possibility of designing a credit delivery system to provide banking services targeted at the rural poor.

When was Grameen Bank established as a bank?

By establishing Grameen Bank in 1983, Muhammad Yunus sought to realise his vision of self-support for the very poorest people by means of loans on easy terms. The bank has since been a source of inspiration for similar microcredit institutions in over one hundred countries.

Which bank is known as Grameen Bank?

Grameen Bank (Bengali: গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক) is a microfinance organisation and community development bank founded in Bangladesh. It makes small loans (known as microcredit or “grameencredit”) to the impoverished without requiring collateral.

How is Grameen Bank different from other banks?

Unlike conventional banks which lend money to individuals, the Grameen Bank offers loans to poor communities and villages in Bangladesh. The Grameen Bank’s system is a collateral-free system. Individuals and communities can apply for a loan even without any sort of collateral or mortgage that will secure the loan.

Why Grameen Bank targets poorest of the poor on lending?

If the poor are provided credit on reasonable terms, they themselves best know how to increase their incomes. Grameen Bank targets and mobilizes the poor and creates social and financial conditions so that they receive credit by identifying a source of self-employment in familiar rural non-farm activities.

What is the purpose of Grameen Bank?

The main functions of Grameen Bank are to provide collateral-free credit facilities in cash of on kind to landless persons for various types of income-generation and livelihood activities.

What is the role of Grameen Bank?

What is unique about Grameen Bank?

The Grameen approach is unique because the small loans are guaranteed by members of the borrower’s community; pressure within the group encourages borrowers to pay back the loans in a timely manner.

What problems did the Grameen model face?

The Grameen banking model in Nepal faces challenges in the areas of policy, costs, governance, institutional capacity, resource management and political insurgency.

What are the unique features of Grameen Bank?

close supervision of credit by the group as well as the bank staff. stress on credit discipline and collective borrower responsibility or peer pressure. special safegaurds through compulsory and voluntary savings to minimise the risks that the poor confront.

What is Grameen banking approach?

A fundamental principle of Grameen is that the bank goes to the clients instead of the clients going to the bank. Grameen challenged the dominant notion of ‘credit worthiness’, bringing a massive change in the approach to banking with the poor.