# How do you use the 1/60 rule in aviation?

## How do you use the 1/60 rule in aviation?

In air navigation, the 1 in 60 rule is a rule of thumb which states that if a pilot has travelled sixty miles then an error in track of one mile is approximately a 1° error in heading, and proportionately more for larger errors.

### How is VREF determined?

The regulations define Vref as “the speed of the airplane, in a specified landing configuration, at the point where it descends through the 50-foot height in the determination of the landing distance.” You may have heard pilots refer to this point in the landing approach as when the airplane is “crossing the fence” or …

**What is wind correction angle in aviation?**

Wind correction angle (or WCA) is the correction angle applied to the aircraft’s course by pointing its nose towards the wind in such a way that it counteracts the effect of wind. This will ensure that our aircraft follows its desired course.

**How do you calculate wind velocity in aviation?**

- One of the most confusing concepts for young aerodynamicists is the relative velocity between objects.
- Wind speed = Airspeed – Ground Speed.
- Wind speed (20) = Airspeed (20) – Ground Speed (0)
- Wind speed (20) = Airspeed (100) – Ground Speed (80)
- Wind speed (-20) = Airspeed (100) – Ground Speed (120)

## How does e6b calculate crosswind?

The crosswind component is one-third of the total wind. In this example, 10 knots * 1/3 = 3.3 knots of crosswind. A 60-degree wind angle or more is 100 percent around the clock face, you might as well treat it as a direct crosswind. This second calculation is more important if landing with a tailwind.

### How far off course is 1 degree?

Experts in air navigation have a rule of thumb known as the 1 in 60 rule. It states that for every 1 degree a plane veers off its course, it misses its target destination by 1 mile for every 60 miles you fly. This means that the further you travel, the further you are from your destination.

**How many degrees is each dot on a VOR?**

two degrees

Here’s how it’s done. Figure 1 shows the VOR’s “dot” scale. Each dot represents two degrees of deviation from the course selected by the OBS (Omni Bearing Selector).

**What is 1.3 VSO?**

1.3 Vso is 1.3 times the stalling speed, or the minimum steady flight speed, in the landing configuration with flaps down, engine at low or idle power as it would be just prior to touchdown.

## What is V approach speed?

VREF usually is defined by the aircraft operating manual (AOM) and/or the quick reference handbook (QRH) as: 1.3 x stall speed with full landing flaps or with selected landing flaps.

### How is crosswind calculated?

Formula. The crosswind component is equal to the speed (V) of the wind multiplied by the sine of the angular difference (XWC = V × Sineθ).

**What is the wind correction angle (WCA)?**

Knowing the AWA allows you to calculate, using the techniques described in the previous paragraphs, the wind correction angle (WCA). Once the pilot has intercepted the course (CRS), the WCA can be added or subtracted from the CRS to determine the heading (HDG) that is required to maintain that course and compensate for the wind.

**What is the correct correction angle for wind speed?**

This works for wind speeds up to 50% of true airspeed (TAS). If the wind speed decreases in half, a third, etc., your correction angle (WCA) will be approximately half, one third, etc. respectively.

## What is the AWA of the wind?

If the wind were a tail wind the AWA would be the angle between the reciprocal of the course (CRS+180) and the wind direction (WD). Knowing the AWA allows you to calculate, using the techniques described in the previous paragraphs, the wind correction angle (WCA).

### What is the best book on wind correction angle?

Mentally Calculating Wind Correction Angle – by Luiz R M de Oliveira Mentally Calculating the Wind Correction Angle by Luiz Roberto Monteiro de Oliveira © 2010 Luiz Roberto Monteiro de Oliveira