What are the 4 types of documentary?

What are the 4 types of documentary?

In 1991, American film critic and theoretician Bill Nichols proposed that there were six different modes of documentary—poetic, expository, reflexive, observational, performative, and participatory—each containing its own specific characteristics.

What is a documentary defined as?

Definition of documentary (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : being or consisting of documents : contained or certified in writing documentary evidence. 2 : of, relating to, or employing documentation (see documentation sense 2) in literature or art broadly : factual, objective a documentary film of the war.

What did Grierson mean by his definition of documentary?

Grierson defined documentary as ‘the creative treatment of actuality’. The aim of this article is to add to existing discussions of this phrase. Attention will be given to documentary as art, and the Griersonian notion of ‘artist’.

What is meaning of documentary video?

A documentary film or documentary is a non-fictional motion-picture intended to “document reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education or maintaining a historical record”.

Does documentary mean fact?

Documentary definition Presenting facts objectively without editorializing or inserting fictional matter, as in a book or film.

What is John Grierson known for?

John Grierson CBE (26 April 1898 – 19 February 1972) was a pioneering Scottish documentary maker, often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film. In 1926, Grierson coined the term “documentary” in a review of Robert J. Flaherty’s Moana.

Who coined the term documentary?

John Grierson
LONDON, Feb. 2O—John Grierson, who, coined the word “documentary” to apply to movies of the type and influenced the development of films as a medium of public service, died .

What is a observational documentary?

Observational** Observational documentaries eschew interviews, voice-over narration and a soundtrack, and instead present footage of real life as it unfolds. The effect is a documentary that tends to show, not tell, and invites each viewer to draw his or her own conclusions from the film.

What is a participatory documentary?

Participatory documentaries include the filmmaker within the narrative. This inclusion can be as minor as a filmmaker using their voice to prod their subjects with questions or cues from behind the camera — or as major as a filmmaker directly influencing the actions of the narrative.

What is a documentary?

Webster’s dictionary defines documentary as “consisting of documents: written down.” After a better Google search, Wikipedia defines a documentary as “a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspects of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction or maintaining a historical record.”

When did the album…But Seriously Come Out in the US?

…But Seriously was released on 6 November 1989 in the US by Atlantic Records and on 20 November 1989 in the UK by Virgin Records. The album spawned six singles released between October 1989 and November 1990. “Do You Remember?” – US #4 (1990)

When did Phil Collins’But Seriously Come Out?

}} …But Seriously is the fourth solo studio album by English drummer and singer-songwriter Phil Collins. It was released on 7 November 1989 in the United States by Atlantic Records and on 24 November 1989 in the United Kingdom by Virgin Records.

What is an expository documentary?

In sharp contrast to poetic, expository documentaries aim to inform and/or persuade — often through omnipresent “ Voice of God ” narration that’s devoid of ambiguous or poetic rhetoric. This mode includes the familiar Ken Burns and television (A&E, History Channel, etc.) styles.