What are these unique Etruscan characteristics?
The stylistic influences from the Greeks on Etruscan Archaic sculpture include the Archaic smile and the stylized patterning of hair and clothing. However, Etruscan sculpture was distinct. The figures had egg-shaped heads and almond eyes, were clothed, and their bodies had a higher degree of plasticity.
What does the Sarcophagus of the Spouses tell us about Etruscan culture what is its purpose and symbolism?
The convivial theme of the sarcophagus reflects the funeral customs of Etruscan society and the elite nature of the object itself provides important information about the ways in which funerary custom could reinforce the identity and standing of aristocrats among the community of the living.
How did the Etruscans decorate their tombs?
In subsequent centuries the walls of tombs of the Etruscan elite were painted more ambitiously with portions of the tomb divided for specific types of decoration: a dado at the bottom, a large central space, a top cornice or entablature, and the triangular space reaching the ceiling like the pediment of a classical …
What did the Etruscans carve on the lids of the stone coffins?
The two sarcophagi were carved of different stones, but having been exposed to the same burial conditions for about the same period of time, it is possible to compare their deterioration to better understand how they were made.
Why is the Sarcophagus of the Spouses important?
What is the most famous sarcophagus?
Tutankhamun’s sarcophagus and tomb are the most amazing to ever be seen. He was buried inside a series of three golden coffins nested one inside the other. The three golden coffins were put inside a granite sarcophagus and surrounded by four wooden shrines.
What is an ancient Egyptian coffin called?
Used to bury leaders and wealthy residents in ancient Egypt, Rome, and Greece, a sarcophagus is a coffin or a container to hold a coffin. Most sarcophagi are made of stone and displayed above ground.