What Aristotle said about politics?
“He who has the power to take part in the deliberative or judicial administration of any state is said by us to be a citizen of that state; and speaking generally, a state is a body of citizens sufficing for the purpose of life.
What three 3 things does Aristotle say are not the highest good for a human being?
It cannot be wealth due to wealth not being “complete”. It cannot be pleasure, as only certain people believe certain things are pleasurable which makes it “unqualifiable”. Wealth, honor, and pleasure are not finals ends—due to it not being a final end, it cannot be the highest good.
What is Aristotle’s main message?
In his metaphysics, he claims that there must be a separate and unchanging being that is the source of all other beings. In his ethics, he holds that it is only by becoming excellent that one could achieve eudaimonia, a sort of happiness or blessedness that constitutes the best kind of human life.
What does Aristotle discuss at 1107b1 4 in Nicomachean Ethics?
� Excessive confidence or excessive fearlessness leads to recklessness; whereas a deficiency in confidence or fearlessness would lead to cowardice (1107b1-4).
What is one of Aristotle’s famous quote?
“Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.” “Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the art of living well.” “Patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet.” “To perceive is to suffer.”
What is the greatest good as explained by Aristotle?
For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).
What are Aristotle’s beliefs?
Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.
How does Aristotle define good character?
Aristotle’s definition of good moral character By calling excellence of character a state, Aristotle means that it is neither a feeling nor a capacity nor a mere tendency to behave in specific ways. Rather it is the settled condition we are in when we are well off in relation to feelings and actions.
Why is liberality a virtue?
Liberality is the virtue disposing a person to the observance of a reasonable mean between the opposite extremes of prodigality and stinginess in making expenditures intended for the benefit of others.
What is a good quote from Aristotle about politics?
Politics by Aristotle Quotes. Politics by Aristotle. Quotes. “It is not possible to rule well without having been ruled.”. “Democracy arose from men’s thinking that if they are equal in any respect they are equal absolutely.”.
How does Aristotle define polity in Book 4?
It is interesting to note that throughout Book IV Aristotle never actually speaks of polity as such, but always qualifies the term, saying “so-called polity” or “what is termed polity.” He uses the word polity in an unqualified sense when he is describing the best regime.
What does Aristotle believe is the best attainable regime?
Aristotle believes that the best attainable regime is polity. It is interesting to note that throughout Book IV Aristotle never actually speaks of polity as such, but always qualifies the term, saying “so-called polity” or “what is termed polity.” He uses the word polity in an unqualified sense when he is describing the best regime.
What does Aristotle say about aristocracy in Book 4?
Aristotle’s Politics Summary and Analysis of Book IV. Aristotle recognizes that in its pure form such a standard is impossibly high, because it requires knowledge of what true virtue is, always as the ability to recognize true virtue in others. Therefore only “so-called” aristocracy is possible, not real aristocracy.