What is depletion of water table?

What is depletion of water table?

Introduction to Depletion of Water Table. Depletion of water means scarcity of water which means that there is a lack of water. Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available freshwater resources to meet water demand. It affects every continent.

What is water level in Punjab?

Water Level in Punjab

District of Punjab Water Level (feet)
Ropar 97 107
Mohali 46 42
Ludhiana 82 72
Firozpur 28 33

What causes depletion of water table?

Several factors lead to the depletion of the water table. Increase in population, agricultural activities and industries are the major factors that affect the water table. Certain other minor factors that affect the water table are scanty rainfall, deforestation and decrease in water seepage.

What is meant by depletion of water table class 7th?

Water of Class 7 If we draw more water from the ground than the amount of water that seeps into the ground, then the water table goes down and gets depleted. Water drawn from under the ground gets replenished by seepage of rainwater.

What are the causes of depletion?

What causes the depletion of our natural resources?

  • Overpopulation.
  • Overconsumption and waste.
  • Deforestation and the Destruction of Ecosystems leading to loss of biodiversity.
  • Mining of Minerals and Oil.
  • Technological and Industrial Development.
  • Erosion.
  • Pollution and Contamination of resources.

What is groundwater depletion in India?

According to the Index, groundwater in India depleted at 10-25 mm per year between 2002 and 2016. 54 per cent of India’s groundwater wells are declining – said the report. It added that about 40% of India’s population possibly would have no access to drinking water by 2030.

How Punjab can overcome the problem of lowering water table?

Converting 1% of wheat area (35,000 hectares) in a year on drip irrigation system under rice-wheat cropping system, can arrest the decline of groundwater by 3cm per year. There will be 40-50% water saving if the area under fruits, vegetables, sugarcane, and cotton are brought under the drip irrigation system.

How can we prevent water depletion?

Amazing Solutions to Water Scarcity

  1. Save Water Whenever Possible.
  2. Education.
  3. Recycle Water.
  4. Advance Technology Related to Water Conservation.
  5. Improve Practices Related to Farming.
  6. Less Use of Chemicals in Farming.
  7. Improve Sewage Systems.
  8. Better Water Distribution Infrastructure.

What are the causes of depletion of groundwater Class 7?

Causes of groundwater depletion:

  • Frequent pumping of water from the ground.
  • Continuous pumping of groundwater from aquifers but not enough time to replenish itself.
  • A large amount of groundwater required for agriculture.
  • Groundwater depletion can also occur naturally.

What is mean by Bawris?

Bawris are deep step-wells built into the ground. These were built by the people of olden times for storing rain water. This was an old method of rainwater harvesting.

What are the effects of water depletion?

reduction of water in streams and lakes. deterioration of water quality. increased pumping costs. land subsidence.

What is the main cause of groundwater depletion in Punjab?

This has been possible through an over-reliance on groundwater irrigation (which covers over three quarters of Punjab’s agricultural land), causing excessive groundwater depletion across the state.

What are the factors affecting the water table in Punjab?

Proportion of area and the water table depth in different hydrological zones of Punjab. … Rainfall, groundwater draft, and change in water table in different zones during monsoon period. … Groundwater draft, rainfall, and rise/fall in mm in different agroclimatic zones.

What is the main cause of water table depletion in India?

… Overwhelming dependence on deep drilling of groundwater has been major contributor to water table depletion (Shah, 2018) and also adoption of water intensive crops with unregulated pumping have led to over exploitation of groundwater (Thomas et al., 2018;Kaur and Vatta, 2015).

Is it time for quick fixes to tackle Punjab’s groundwater crisis?

The time for quick fixes is over; a comprehensive policy overhaul is urgently needed to impede the juggernaut of Punjab’s groundwater depletion. Punjab, a small state in northwest India, derives its name from the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), meaning the “land of five rivers”.