What is discretion in the criminal justice system?
Discretion is the power of officials to act according to the dictates of their own judgment and conscience. Discretion is abused when the judicial action is arbitrary, fanciful, or unreasonable. If the plaintiff or the defendant thinks that the trial court judge has abused the discretion, the party can appeal the case.
What are the main components of criminal justice?
The adult criminal justice system is comprised of four components; legislation, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. Each of these four components is comprised of subcomponents.
What are the three main components of the criminal justice system quizlet?
The main components of the Criminal Justice System are police, courts, and corrections.
What is the role of prosecutorial discretion in the criminal justice system?
Prosecuting attorneys enjoy broader discretion in making decisions that influence criminal case outcomes than any other actors in the American justice system. They make pivotal decisions throughout the life of a case—from determining whether to file charges, to crafting plea offers and recommending sentences.
Why is discretion an important component of the criminal justice system?
Discretion begins with the decision to label certain acts as criminal and is followed by a series of subsequent decisions made by police officers, judges, prosecutors, and others. As a result, the objective ideal gives way to individual personal judgment, both in a collective sense and in an organizational sense.
What is police discretion give three examples?
Police discretion examples include an officer’s decision whether or not to draw their weapon, to make an arrest, to issue a traffic ticket, to perform a search on a suspect, or to stop and assist someone in need of help.
What are the three general stages of the American criminal justice process?
Steps in the criminal justice process include the investigation and arrest, pretrial activities, adjudication, sentencing, and corrections. The investigation provides police with the opportunity to collect evidence and attempt to reconstruct the crime as it occurred.
Which of the following is a component of the criminal justice system quizlet?
The criminal justice system consists of four main components: the police, the courts, corrections, and the military.
What is the third component of the American criminal justice system?
The third component of the American criminal justice system is corrections. The corrections component includes probation officers, parole officers and corrections officers. These individuals ensure that a convicted offender serves his or her sentence as advised by the courts and supervises the convicts as they service their sentences.
What is discretion in criminal law?
Discretion is the latitude granted officials to act under a formal set of rules and in a public capacity. The rules themselves are usually the result of discretion by other actors in the criminal justice system, such as the legislature, which has created the criminal code for the jurisdiction.
How does the criminal justice system deal with offenders?
Each part – law enforcement, the courts and corrections – deals with offenders at different stages in their criminal history. Each component is capable of functioning independently or in collaboration to prevent, prosecute and punish crime.
What is the first component of the criminal justice system?
Law Enforcement in the American Justice System The first component of the criminal justice system is law enforcement. Individuals in this component include patrol officers, sheriffs and deputies, federal agents, game and parks rangers, detectives and other individuals that usually make first contact with criminals.