What is Frantz Fanon theory?
Fanon perceived colonialism as a form of domination whose necessary goal for success was the reordering of the world of indigenous (“native”) peoples. He saw violence as the defining characteristic of colonialism.
What is the contribution of Frantz Fanon to Decolonisation?
His best known work, The Wretched of the Earth (1961) was characterized by Stuart Hall as the “Bible of decolonization”: at that time, the word decolonization referred to the literal process of a colonial country gaining political independence, and Fanon was certainly central to that in colonial Algeria.
How did Frantz Fanon contribute to Decolonisation?
Working in a French hospital, Fanon was increasingly responsible for treating both the psychological distress of the soldiers and officers of the French army who carried out torture in order to suppress anti-colonial resistance and the trauma suffered by the Algerian torture victims.
What decolonisation means?
Decolonisation typically refers to the withdrawal of political, military and governmental rule of a colonised land by its invaders. Decolonising education, however, is often understood as the process in which we rethink, reframe and reconstruct the curricula and research that preserve the Europe-centred, colonial lens.
What caused decolonisation?
The process of decolonization coincided with the new Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and with the early development of the new United Nations. Decolonization was often affected by superpower competition, and had a definite impact on the evolution of that competition.
What is the difference between colonization and decolonization?
As nouns the difference between colonization and decolonization. is that colonization is the process of establishing a colony while decolonization is the freeing of a colony etc from dependent status by granting it independence.
Why is Decolonising the curriculum important?
Decolonising the curriculum is about being more accurate, more inclusive, and more interculturally responsive. It is not about forcing one ideological perspective on students, it’s about telling both sides of the story.
What does Frantz Fanon stand for?
Frantz Fanon ( / fəˈnɒn /, French: [fʁɑ̃ts fanɔ̃]; 20 July 1925 – 6 December 1961), also known as Ibrahim Frantz Fanon, was a French West Indian psychiatrist, political philosopher, revolutionary, and writer from the French colony of Martinique, whose works are influential in the fields of post-colonial studies, critical theory and Marxism.
What is Fanon best known for?
Frantz Fanon, in full Frantz Omar Fanon, (born July 20, 1925, Fort-de-France, Martinique—died December 6, 1961, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.), West Indian psychoanalyst and social philosopher known for his theory that some neuroses are socially generated and for his writings on behalf of the national liberation of colonial peoples.
Where did Frantz Fanon live in his life?
Early life. Frantz Fanon was born on the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was then a French colony and is now a French département. His father, Félix Casimir Fanon, was a descendant of African slaves and indentured Indians and worked as a customs agent.
What did Frantz Fanon do in Algeria?
In 1953–56 he served as head of the psychiatry department of Blida-Joinville Hospital in Algeria, which was then part of France. While treating Algerians and French soldiers, Fanon began to observe the effects of colonial violence on the human psyche.