# What is measured in a study?

## What is measured in a study?

Measures are the items in a research study to which the participant responds. Research measures include survey questions, interview questions, or constructed situations. When constructing interviews and surveys, it is important that the questions directly relate to the research questions.

## When a test actually measures what it purports to measure?

Validity can be defined as “the degree to which the test actually measures what it purports to measure” (Anastasi and Urbina, 1997: 8), but the question of how to define validity and how to test it is both an old question and a never-ending story.

## Is age nominal or ordinal in SPSS?

Age is frequently collected as ratio data, but can also be collected as ordinal data. This happens on surveys when they ask, “What age group do you fall in?” There, you wouldn’t have data on your respondent’s individual ages – you’d only know how many were between 18-24, 25-34, etc.

## When a test actually measures what it is supposed to measure test?

Validity and Reliability

A | B |
---|---|

If the correlations between a test and the criterion are at least moderately positive… | …we can say the test has concurrent validity. |

The degree to which a test measures what it is supposed to… | …is called test validity. |

The accuracy of measurement for a test… | …is its reliability. |

## Is ID number qualitative or quantitative?

No, it’s non-numerical. ∎ e.g. ID #s 56, 213, 788,… Average ID? no. IDs), ask yourself if an average makes sense… if not, then it’s qualitative not quantitative.

## Is eye color nominal or ordinal?

Certainly, eye color is a nominal variable, since it is multi-valued (blue, green, brown, grey, pink, black), and there is no clear scale on which to fit the different values.

## What is an example of ordinal measurement?

Examples of ordinal variables include: socio economic status (“low income”,”middle income”,”high income”), education level (“high school”,”BS”,”MS”,”PhD”), income level (“less than 50K”, “50K-100K”, “over 100K”), satisfaction rating (“extremely dislike”, “dislike”, “neutral”, “like”, “extremely like”).

## What scale of measurement is test scores?

Ratio scale data is like interval scale data, but it has a 0 point and ratios can be calculated. You will not have a negative value in ratio scale data. For example, four multiple choice statistics final exam scores are 80, 68, 20 and 92 (out of a possible 100 points) (given that the exams are machine-graded.)

## Are SAT scores nominal?

There is no absolute 0, as SAT scores are scaled. The ratio between two scores is also meaningless. A student who scored a 600 did not necessarily do twice as well as a student who scored a 300.

## What is the difference between nominal and ordinal in statistics?

Nominal data assigns names to each data point without placing it in some sort of order. For example, the results of a test could be each classified nominally as a “pass” or “fail.” Ordinal data groups data according to some sort of ranking system: it orders the data.

## Is race nominal or ordinal?

Typical examples of nominal variables are gender, race, color, city, etc.

## Is age ordinal or nominal?

Age can be both nominal and ordinal data depending on the question types. I.e “How old are you” is a used to collect nominal data while “Are you the first born or What position are you in your family” is used to collect ordinal data. Age becomes ordinal data when there’s some sort of order to it.

## What are measurement concepts?

At more-sophisticated levels, measurement involves assigning a number to a characteristic of a situation, as is done by the consumer price index.” An early understanding of measurement begins when children simply compare one object to another. …

## Are colors nominal?

When measuring using a nominal scale, one simply names or categorizes responses. Gender, handedness, favorite color, and religion are examples of variables measured on a nominal scale. The essential point about nominal scales is that they do not imply any ordering among the responses.

## What is measuring what it’s supposed to be measuring called?

In general the validity of a measures refers to whether a test is measuring what it is supposed to measure. Construct validity: The test is measuring the construct it is supposed to measure. 6 is considered to be acceptable to demonstrate convergent validity.

## What are the four measurement scales with examples?

Data can be classified as being on one of four scales: nominal, ordinal, interval or ratio. Each level of measurement has some important properties that are useful to know. For example, only the ratio scale has meaningful zeros. A pie chart displays groups of nominal variables (i.e. categories).

## Is nominal qualitative or quantitative?

Nominal data can be both qualitative and quantitative. However, the quantitative labels lack a numerical value or relationship (e.g., identification number). On the other hand, various types of qualitative data can be represented in nominal form. They may include words, letters, and symbols.

## Is hair color nominal or ordinal?

Similarly, hair color is also a nominal variable having a number of categories (blonde, brown, brunette, red, etc.). If the variable has a clear way to be ordered/sorted from highest to lowest, then that variable would be an ordinal variable, as described below.