What is the meaning of at al?
Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means “and others.” An example of et. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, “The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al.” which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article.
How do I keep footnotes on the same page Mac?
- Press Ctrl+Shift+S to Apply Styles.
- Footnote Text.
- Click Modify.
- Click Format.
- Select Paragraph.
- Under Line and Page Breaks tab.
- Check box by Keep lines together.
- Click OK.
How do you cite something with multiple authors?
- 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…
- 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.
How do you cite a source the second time?
The second and subsequent time you use a parenthetical citation, you will still give the full in-text citation (Author’s last name, year). Example: Using APA allows students to have consistency with other writings in their field of study (Grammer, 2013)….
Can you double footnotes?
Do not place multiple footnotes at the same point in your text (e.g. 1, 2, 3). If you need to cite multiple sources in one sentence, you can combine the citations into one footnote, separated by semicolons: 1.
What is the meaning of ibid?
Ibid. is an abbreviation for the Latin word ibīdem, meaning “in the same place”, commonly used in an endnote, footnote, bibliography citation, or scholarly reference to refer to the source cited in the preceding note or list item. Ibid.
How do you cite a book with multiple authors in MLA?
When a work has two authors, include them in the order they appear on the work, and invert the first author’s name but write out the second author’s name normally. Works Cited Format: First Author’s Last Name, First Name, and Second Author’s First Name Last Name. Title of Book….
How do you use the same footnote twice?
When you are referencing the same source in two (or more) footnotes the second and subsequent references should be entered as “Ibid.” and the page number for the relevant footnote. Use “Ibid.” without any page number if the page is the same as the previous reference.