What is the solubility of ethylene glycol?
|Solubility in water||Miscible|
|Solubility||Soluble in most organic solvents|
|Vapor pressure||0.06 mmHg (20 °C)|
What are the properties of ethylene glycol?
Ethylene glycol is a clear, sweet, slightly viscous liquid that boils at 198 °C (388.4 °F). Its most common use is as an automotive antifreeze. A 1:1 solution of ethylene glycol and water boils at 129 °C (264.2 °F) and freezes at −37 °C (−34.6 °F), serving as an excellent coolant in automotive radiators.
What is the use of ethylene glycol?
DESCRIPTION: Ethylene glycol is a useful industrial compound found in many consumer products. Examples include antifreeze, hydraulic brake fluids, some stamp pad inks, ballpoint pens, solvents, paints, plastics, films, and cosmetics. It can also be a pharmaceutical vehicle.
Is ethylene glycol soluble in acetone?
Organic solvent(s) Soluble in lower aliphatic alcohols, glycerol, acetic acid, acetone; slightly soluble in ether; practically insoluble in benzene, chlorinated hydrocarbons, petroleum ether, oils.
Is ethylene glycol a solvent?
Ethylene glycol has many uses, including as antifreeze in cooling and heating systems, in hydraulic brake fluids, and as a solvent.
Is ethylene glycol more soluble in water than ethanol?
Among given compounds, ethylene glycol ( HO−CH2−CH2−OH ) is the most soluble in water.
What does ethylene glycol do to water?
It lowers the freezing point of water (and raises the boiling point) and is also miscible with water in all proportions. And that is down to the properties of the molecule, particularly its ability to form hydrogen bonds.
Does ethylene glycol dissociate in water?
Some organic compounds such as ethylene glycol dissociate readily in water.
Why is ethylene glycol soluble in water?
It’s also the increased number of hydrogen bonds in ethylene glycol that makes it more viscous (less runny) than ethanol (or water). Water also contains O-H groups, of course, which ‘hydrogen bond’ to each other, causing water to have a very high boiling point for a molecule of its size.
Why does ethylene glycol mix well with water?
Ethylene glycol can do this because it is structurally quite similar to water. It comprises two linked carbon atoms, each bearing a hydroxyl – or OH – group. Because of these hydroxyl groups, it can form hydrogen bonds between molecules in the same way that water does. This means that it mixes with water.
Is ethylene glycol a liquid?
Ethylene glycol is an alcohol that is used as an antistatic agent in combination with other organic chemicals to make numerous formulations. The major source of it to soil is derived from its use as antifreeze and deicing fluid at airports. In pure form, ethylene glycol is a clear liquid.
Is ethylene glycol more soluble in water?
Among given compounds, ethylene glycol ( HO−CH2−CH2−OH ) is the most soluble in water. Ethylene glycol has two hydroxy groups both of which form hydrogen bonds with water. Greater is the number of hydrogen bonds, greater is the extent of hydrogen bonding and greater is the solubility in water.