What viruses have a vaccine?

What viruses have a vaccine?

Vaccination protects against these 14 diseases, which used to be prevalent in the United States.

  • #1. Polio. Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease that is caused by poliovirus.
  • #2. Tetanus.
  • #3. The Flu (Influenza)
  • #4. Hepatitis B.
  • #5. Hepatitis A.
  • #6. Rubella.
  • #7. Hib.
  • #8. Measles.

What are the 6 killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

How can we prevent infant mortality?

Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality?

  1. Preventing Birth Defects.
  2. Addressing Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Their Outcomes.
  3. Getting Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Care.
  4. Creating a Safe Infant Sleep Environment.
  5. Using Newborn Screening to Detect Hidden Conditions.

What is the most preventable disease?

5 preventable health issues

  • Infectious diseases.
  • Prevention: Keep up to date with childhood and adult vaccinations with the help of your doctor.
  • Coronary heart disease.
  • Lung cancer.
  • Prevention: Not smoking, or quitting, will significantly reduce your risk of lung cancer.
  • Type 2 diabetes.

What is the leading cause of preventable deaths?

The leading cause of avoidable deaths was ischaemic heart disease in males and lung cancer in females.

What are the most important vaccines for babies?

Starting at 1 to 2 months of age, your baby receives the following vaccines to develop immunity from potentially harmful diseases:

  • Hepatitis B (2nd dose)
  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis) (DTaP)
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
  • Polio (IPV)
  • Pneumococcal (PCV)
  • Rotavirus (RV)

How can I reduce my neonatal mortality rate?

1) Promotion of Institutional Delivery through Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK): Promoting Institutional delivery to ensure skilled birth attendance is key to reducing both maternal and neo-natal mortality.

What virus has a vaccine?

Live virus vaccines use the weakened (attenuated) form of the virus. The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine are examples. Killed (inactivated) vaccines are made from a protein or other small pieces taken from a virus or bacteria.

What are some preventable diseases?

Vaccine preventable diseases currently include:

  • diphtheria.
  • tetanus.
  • pertussis (whooping cough)
  • poliomyelitis (polio)
  • measles.
  • mumps.
  • rubella.
  • haemophilus influenzae type b infections.

Do all viruses have a vaccine?

Although most attenuated vaccines are viral, some are bacterial in nature. Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid.

What are the most successful vaccines?

Read on to learn more about these valuable vaccines.

  1. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine.
  2. Rotavirus vaccine (RV)
  3. Hepatitis A vaccine.
  4. Meningococcal vaccine (MCV)
  5. Human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV)
  6. Tdap booster.

How does family planning reduce infant mortality?

Family planning 1) allows very young women, whose infants are prone to higher mortality, to delay childbearing until a later age; 2) allows older and higher parity women, whose infants are at higher risk of dying, to stop having babies; 3) contributes to longer intervals between births; and 4) reduces maternal …

What are the 3 Live vaccines?

Currently available live attenuated viral vaccines are measles, mumps, rubella, vaccinia, varicella, zoster (which contains the same virus as varicella vaccine but in much higher amount), yellow fever, rotavirus, and influenza (intranasal).

How are viruses transferred?

Viruses spread from person to person mainly in droplets that fly out when you cough or sneeze. These tiny drops from a sick person move through the air and land on the mouths or noses of others nearby.

How is a vaccine made for a virus?

Several vaccines are made by taking toxins and inactivating them with a chemical (the toxin, once inactivated, is called a toxoid). By inactivating the toxin, it no longer causes disease. The diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccines are made this way.

Which of these disease has no effective vaccine?

The most common and serious vaccine-preventable diseases tracked by the World Health Organization (WHO) are: diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever.

How can you prevent viruses?

Measures to take

  1. Always keep your hands clean.
  2. Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.
  3. Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands.
  4. Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth.
  5. Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.

Which vaccines are for bacteria?

The bacterial vaccines (i.e., diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, H. influenzae type b, and pneumococcus) should be administered to all HIV-infected children according to the routine childhood schedule.

How can viruses be treated?

For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

What are preventable deaths?

The concept of preventable deaths covers deaths which could have been avoided by public health interventions focusing on wider determinants of public health, such as behaviour and lifestyle factors, socioeconomic status and environmental factors. Some diseases/conditions are considered to be treatable and preventable.