Why are IRA called Fenians?

Why are IRA called Fenians?

The name originated with the Fianna of Irish mythology – groups of legendary warrior-bands associated with Fionn mac Cumhail. Mythological tales of the Fianna became known as the Fenian Cycle.

What did the Fenian Brotherhood do?

Fenians were members of a mid-19th century movement to secure Ireland’s independence from Britain. They were a secret, outlawed organization in the British Empire, where they were known as the Irish Republican Brotherhood. They operated freely and openly in the United States as the Fenian Brotherhood.

What is the Fenian society?

Fenian, member of an Irish nationalist secret society active chiefly in Ireland, the United States, and Britain, especially during the 1860s. The name derives from the Fianna Eireann, the legendary band of Irish warriors led by the fictional Finn MacCumhaill (MacCool).

How long were Fenians active?

Fenian Raids
Depiction of the Fenian charge during the Battle of Ridgeway
Date April 1866 – October 1871 Location Eastern Canada and Manitoba Result British Empire/Canadian victory Fenians fail to achieve any long term goals Confederation results from the 1866 raids
Fenian Brotherhood Canada British Empire

How many Fenians were there?

The number of sworn Fenians was small — only 1,000 to 3,000 out of a population of approximately 250,000 Irish-Catholics in Canada. But many others were sympathetic to the cause. There were Fenian circles in all major urban areas, including Montreal and Toronto, and in some rural townships.

What was the name of the Fenian newspaper?

The Irish People was a nationalist weekly newspaper first printed in Dublin in 1863 and supportive of the Fenian movement….The Irish People (1863 newspaper)

Type weekly newspaper
Founded 28 November 1863
Political alignment Irish nationalism
Language English
Headquarters Dublin

How many people died in the Fenian raids?

Fenian Raids
Casualties and losses
24 killed in action, 48 wounded, 59 captured, 1 cannon seized Total: 131 13 killed in action, 53 wounded, 54 captured, 22 died of wounds Total: 142
^ Raids that were carried out in 1866 took place in the Province of Canada and the colony of New Brunswick; prior to Confederation in 1867.

Who was the leader of the Fenians?

Background. The Fenians were a transatlantic association consisting of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, founded in Dublin by James Stephens in 1858, and the Fenian Brotherhood, founded in the United States by John O’Mahony and Michael Doheny, also in 1858.

How many people died in the Fenian Raids?

What is the Fenian Brotherhood?

Fenian Brotherhood. It was a precursor to Clan na Gael, a sister organisation to the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Members were commonly known as ” Fenians “. O’Mahony, who was a Gaelic scholar, named his organisation after the Fianna, the legendary band of Irish warriors led by Fionn mac Cumhaill.

What happened to the Fenian overcoat?

The “Fenian Overcoat” expression seemed to die out around the same time the Fenian Brotherhood organization was sputtering out and morphing into other similar Irish Republican groups, and we don’t see this term being used again.

Did the Fenian Brotherhood ever raid the Lower Mainland?

Fear of Fenian attack plagued the Lower Mainland of British Columbia during the 1880s, as the Fenian Brotherhood was active in both Washington and Oregon, but no raids ever materialized .

What is the Fenian forty?

The Fenian Forty is a rare veteran’s account of his and his comrades’ participation in the 1866 Fenian Raid into Canada. The story appeared thirty years after the Raid, within the Buffalo Courier May 29, 1893 pages to remember the anniversary of the Irish attempt to take Canada by force.